Tens of thousands of leaders and activists from around the world, representing world governments, NGOs and environmental organizations, gathered in Glasgow, Scotland, earlier this month for the United Nations Climate Change Conference, or COP26.
Jakir Manela — CEO of both the Pearlstone Center and Hazon, two Jewish environmental organizations that are in the process of merging — was among them, having secured admission through The Interfaith Center for Sustainable Development in Jerusalem.
Speaking with the JT, the Reisterstown resident discussed his impressions, his concerns and his hopes for the future of the struggle against climate change.
This interview has been edited for clarity and length.
How would you describe this year’s U.N. Climate Change Conference?
More than any other COP in the past, the world was really watching COP26, because the climate crisis has come to, for lack of a better term, a boiling point. That the increased intensity and frequency of wildfires and hurricanes and heatwaves and droughts and rising seas and polar ice melting and the alarm bells being rung by the global scientific community really demand urgent and aggressive action. And finally, the world’s media and the world’s countries and the people all over the world were really paying closer attention to this gathering than ever before.
Were there any moments from the conference that particularly stood out to you?
One is that a number of these high profile sessions, … you look on the screen and you see a number of Jews on the stage, really at the forefront of this work. [I] was very proud to see that.
Then [Saturday], we’d had a beautiful week all week, but this last moment is that it was cold and windy and rainy as 200,000 people went to march in the streets to call for more aggressive and ambitious climate action. And there was a lot of optimism from inside the conference itself, from government leaders, and even some of the environmental leaders felt like some of the pledges that had been made were significant. But the marches certainly had some anger and some frustration to them, but also had a lot of love and joy and hope and song and dance. And, just again, people from all around the world marching together, singing together, calling for change together. I was really, really moved by that.
Setting out for the trip, did you have a particular goal for yourself in mind? Was there a particular goal you were hoping the conference could achieve?
I wanted to connect with multifaith leaders around the world. I was hoping the conference would make significant progress on the path to net-zero [emissions].
Would you say that you succeeded in your personal goal? Would you say the conference succeeded in what you were hoping it would achieve?
Yes to my personal goal. Mixed results on the conference goal. In theory, according to the pledges that have been made, yes there has been progress. But not nearly enough concrete action is happening yet.
Did the conference have any effect on your future plans for either Hazon or the Pearlstone Center?
Yes. I believe we will now explore what it takes to become a United Nations-accredited organization so that we can continue to bring a Jewish voice to these important global gatherings.
During and right before COP26, Israel pledged to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 and emphasized the role that its startup economy could play in the development of green technology. What do you think of these things?
At our Shabbat dinner, we heard from a number of Israelis, including former members of Knesset. There was general gratitude and support for this pledge, and also criticism not only of Israel’s leadership but of all leaders who are making these pledges for 30+ years from now. One former member of Knesset said, “Nu? Thank you for promising something on behalf of a future prime minister who won’t be you. What about now? What are you, what are doing now?”
Did you learn anything you did not know before, such as about climate change or the fight against it?
I was really happy to see nature-based solutions promoted in a significant way. … If we replace all the coal-fired power plants with solar panels, that actually doesn’t do it. We can have the world covered in solar panels and we’re still going to be in trouble. We need trees, we need green space, we need nature to be preserved and invested in for this to really work. I was happy to see that emphasis.
Do you think coming to the conference as the leader of a Jewish organization gave you a perspective that others might not have had there?
I found in the multifaith gatherings that I was in — I brought one other person with me — but really, we were bringing a Jewish voice that otherwise wasn’t present.
We have, every single week, a day when we are supposed to just take a break from all the consumption and all the travel and all the fossil fuel and all the energy, and just enjoy life, be with people you love, enjoy the natural world, take a break. And if we could really embody that as a Jewish people, and really spread that practice across the world, it would actually have a huge impact on our global footprint as a species. So Shabbat is an ecological practice.
How do you think individuals and communities can best contribute to the fight against climate change?
Commit to the Brit Hazon, a personal commitment to creating a more sustainable world. We highlight six key action areas:
1. Eat less meat
2. Reduce energy use
3. Reduce food waste
4. Grow your own food and buy local
5. Reduce household waste
6. Buy less stuff
How can individuals and communities put pressure on their leaders to ensure they follow through on their climate change pledges?
Hazon and Pearlstone are leading Jewish environmental and climate education, action and advocacy efforts across the Jewish world. Join us! We need more people to sign up, get involved and stay tuned for when the time comes to apply pressure in key strategic moments. Go to pearlstonecenter.org and hazon.org to learn more.