Historical Overview


Throughout Jewish history, an array of tragic events fell on the ninth day of the Hebrew calendar month of Av.

1312 B.C.E.: According to Jewish tradition, 10 of the 12 spies returned from Israel with malicious reports about the land and its inhabitants, and the Israelites fell into despair

586 B.C.E.: Destruction of the First Temple by the Babylonians

70 C.E.: Destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans

135 C.E.: Bar-Kochba revolt fails

1095 C.E.: Pope Urban II launches the First Crusade

1290 C.E.: Expulsion of Jews from England

1492 C.E.: Expulsion of the Jews from Spain and Portugal

1914 C.E.: World War I, the precursor to World War II and the Holocaust, begins

1942 C.E.: Deportations begin from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp

1994 C.E.: The bombing of the Jewish community center in Buenos Aires that took more than 80 lives

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